All posts in Nutrition

Don’t Buy Supplements Without Doctor’s Approval

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Walk into a name-brand drug store and check out the colorful vitamins and minerals aisle.  Look at all the health supplements!   Need more energy? Less wrinkles? Sleep? Iron? Goat Weed?  It’s like a Yellow Brick Road. A bottle of every vitamin and mineral you’ve ever heard of and more are right there waiting for you.  All you need is red shoes for clicking and a credit card.

But there is lesson in the story of the magnanimous Wizard of Oz.  He’s a nice guy.  He’s also a fraud.  So don’t be fooled by the glitz.  Nutritional supplements are not all they’re cranked up to be.

We mentioned this subject before in this space because it is very important. The message is worth repeating.  Americans spend $11 billion annually on vitamins and minerals, and “baby boomers” are especially vulnerable to the latest fads because they are at the age where they are especially vulnerable to quick fixes regarding their health.  So get real.  If you’re feeling like something’s missing in your diet, it probably is.  But the solution will not be found in an over-the-counter pill.

Supplements cannot prevent or cure illnesses like diabetes, cancer and heart disease.  Supplements are no substitute for a good, well-rounded diet.  Consuming too many supplements on a regular basis is not healthy — especially if you are on an aspirin regime or blood-thinners.

Also understand that too much Vitamin A increases your risk of osteoporosis.  Too much Vitamin E can elevate the chances of your having a stroke.  Too much iron can raise your risk of heart problems.  Excesses of anything in pill form can build up in your body fat and become toxic.  Also try to get outside in the sunshine daily for a while.  It’s the best source of Vitamin D.

The key to proper consumption of vitamins, minerals and all the so-called natural supplements is to talk first to your doctor or dietitian about it.  Tell her what’s bothering you. Give her a list of what you typically eat each day, including fruits, vegetables, fortified cereal and low-sugar juices.  Ask her if a multivitamin is right for you, and listen carefully to her instructions.

Also, don’t be fooled by labels that proclaim a supplement is “all natural.”  This is a typical sales gimmick.  But do pay close attention to the nutritional information panel on the bottle.  The percentage of the recommended daily value (DV) of each ingredient should be no lower than 100 percent and no higher than 300 percent.

Ask you health professional about that too. She knows!

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Use It or Lose It

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“Use it or lose it!”

You’ve heard this cliché practically all you life, right?  That’s because it is absolutely correct.  You could buy a brand new car, park it in a brand new garage, protect it from all the elements etc., but if you don’t crank it up regularly and go for a ride, it will fall apart.

The disintegration process is called “entropy,” which refers to the errors in a system that causes it to fall apart because the object is not being used properly, if at all.  The “thing” that falls apart for lack of use in this instance would be your body.  “Entropy” happens as we age unless we continue to use what God has given us, so to speak.

Exercise your muscles or they will disappear.  Move your joints or they will become arthritic, eat properly or suffer energy loss or stoke, use your brain or become senile, learn to relax or have a heart attack.  You get the message.

Let’s zero in on senility.  Studies have shown that some people in their 70s, 80s and above have high levels of Alzheimer’s disease in their brains, but retain normal cognition.  Why is that?  Have they simply not lived long enough for the disease to manifest itself?  Or have they used their brain efficiently to ward off the effects?

The later appears to be correct.  Lots of people in the twilight of their lives pass away with normal cognition.  They are as sharp mentally as they were when they were 50 years or so younger.  The obvious answer is:  They never quit exercising their brains.  They socialized, read, worked crossword puzzles, continued working and, yes, even learned how to rest their minds through meditation.

So, it is very important to not only to nourish our physical bodies, exercise them properly and rest them with at least 8 hours of sleep daily, the same sort of cycle applies to our brains.  Eat food low in saturated fats, keep hypertension and cholesterol in proper balance, learn how to meditate instead of sitting around sleeping throughout the day, read more and watch less television, interact with people, work at a vocation and/or avocation and remain productive.

Also note that, while it’s harmful to be overweight when you’re young, carrying the proper amount for your age is critical as you enter into your 70s, 80s, and 90s.  Being too thin can kill you too!

Here are some other interesting findings:

  • People who live longer drink two to three cups of coffee.
  • People who exercise live longer than those who don’t, even if it’s only 15 minutes of walking a day.
  • People who do something rather than sitting and watching TV live longer, as do those who continue to engage socially, go to church or other place of worship, remain active politically and read, write, play bridge or solve problems that require using their brains.

In other words, maintain a healthy lifestyle from “head to toe” in order to live a full, conscious life.  Strive to use every part of your body as you age.  It won’t be the same as when you were younger but that’s natural.  And this applies especially to your brain.

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It’s OK to Age in Place But Plan Ahead

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As members of the Baby Boomer generation enter their 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s and beyond, it may be time to get serious about where they will live comfortably, content and autonomous. One’s dwelling is a very important consideration should be at the top of the list as preventive medicine, exercise and other therapies continue to catch on.
So now is the time for older folks to take a good look around their homes and decide now if remodeling is a wise investment, or if it would be better to move on. Many of us would prefer to “age in place” for a variety of reasons.
Your finances, of course, are a major consideration. Is your house paid for? What is it worth? Can you afford to buy or build a new one? Is moving to a retirement community acceptable?
Or, is it possible to improve on what you already have by installing an elevator, access ramps and wider doors? If your bedroom were upstairs, would it be possible to use it as a guestroom, and move downstairs? If so, consider the size of your “new” first-floor room or rooms.
It’s especially important to upgrade your bathroom with more safety and convenience in mind. Should you add a powder room and a shower? You may want to hire an architect or contractor and develop an affordable plan. The services of a financial advisor should also be given serious attention.
And consider your heating and cooling system. Does it need upgrading, or will installing new insulation do the job? Wise spending today can net long-term future savings. Install a carport now instead of later. Or simply add grab bars to your shower and tub.
Just remember, planning now is a matter of perspective. It never hurts to be prepared. And this includes getting an honest, up-to-date appraisal of your property in case you decide to sell. Those numbers will change with the times, but staying on top of the value of your home is critical when considering your future.
But by all means don’t go overboard. Acting on an extreme resolution — like installing an elevator before you need it — may be over the top. You might be wiser just to know where an elevator shaft could go at this stage of the aging game. So channel irrational fears if need be. Sometimes, just knowing improvements are possible will make life easier.

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No More Excuses

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Good question:  What is “apathy?”

Apathetic answer:  “I don’t know and I don’t care.”

You are not apathetic. You care.  If you didn’t, you would not be reading my health blog.  You would not know that apathy is a leading cause of death.

Yet, in the context of your wellbeing, it’s critical to remind yourself every day that “apathy” means you have no passion about your health.  So get busy!  Move!  Inspire yourself because you have everything to gain.  Remember:  It’s never too late to stave off mental and physical discomfort of aging.

Bad Excuses

Here, compliments of Grandparents.com is a list of typical reasons people have for not exercising:

—  “Don’t feel like it.”

So, how do you really feel right now?  Great?  Probably not. Again, you would not be reading this blog if all is hunky dory.

Ask yourself, “Why am I even thinking about exercising?”  To feel better?  To be healthier, happier and able to get around?  To make new friends?  To enjoy your family? To live long enough to know your great-grandchildren?

Picture yourself at your peak of happiness.  How would you look and feel?  What would you be able to do that you cannot now?  What’s keeping you from doing something about it starting right now?

—  “Don’t have the time.”

Yeah, right. You don’t have even 10 minutes to exercise. Who are you kidding?

Stretch for a minute or two.  Get yourself warmed up.  You can stretch even if you can’t get out of bed much less off the couch. Get some resistance bands and use them.  They cost $6.  Do this as often as you can.  It’s good exercise.

Jog for five minutes.  You can do this standing up or sitting down by simply lifting and lowering your feet.  Now try jogging faster for one minute.  Work your way up to 10 minutes moving your feet faster for at least two minutes.  You don’t even have to leave the room to get it done.

—  “I can’t.”

Then get into a routine of standing up and sitting down for a few minutes every hour.  Work your way up to doing this 50 times a day.  Prove to yourself that you can do some form of exercise.  That’s half the battle.

—  “I’m tired.”

That’s because you haven’t been doing anything all day.  As I said earlier:  Get busy!  Do something that actually makes you tired.

—  “Too old.”

Who are you kidding?  There’s no such thing as “too old” to exercise.  You can improve your heart health. You can build muscle mass. You can improve your breathing. You’re never too old to do something.  So develop a simple routine, run it by your doctor or you best friend if need be, and slowly rebuild your strength and stamina.  Shoot for a total of at least 30 minutes of steady moving a day.

—  “Don’t like it.”

Exercise with others.  “Get a buddy,” says celebrity trainer Sean Foy. “Then the two of you can argue about how much you hate exercising while you’re leaning against a wall to squat or sitting on chairs doing side bends.  To make exercise more fun, try some jumping jacks with your grandchildren and watch them giggle.”

—  “Too expensive.”

It doesn’t cost anything to walk. And there are several pieces of exercise equipment (like the resistance bands) that are not expensive.

—  “Can’t get back on track.”

Why not?  Don’t beat yourself up because you used to be active but gave up because you could do as much as before.  You’re only hurting yourself. Talk to your friends and family.  Ask your exercise buddy to help.  Say a prayer.  There is no good reason not to exercise.

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Are Nutritional Shakes Worth It?

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Are those powdered protein shakes everyone seems to be purchasing now from stores as well as home dealers good for you?  Are they the secret to losing weight?

“Maybe,” according to a recent report published by the Mayo Clinic.  But they certainly are not a secret elixir to weight loss.

The key to dieting is the fact that dropping pounds requires that you burn more calories than you consume each day.  Therefore, protein shakes will help you lose weight if, all total each day, drinking them cuts down on your calorie consumption. But a healthy diet has always been (and still is) eating fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean sources of protein, plus adding at least 30 minutes of physical activity to your daily routine.

So, if you are inclined to drink the shakes, check the calories in each one you consume, and then combine these calories with those that come from fresh foods to reach your daily goal.  Also remember, powdered shakes are processed foods.  If you rely too heavily on them to replace whole foods, you will not get the nutritional benefits that your body requires.

The average adult needs 46 to 56 grams of protein a day, depending on weight and overall health.  As long as you are eating a healthy diet, adding extra protein — either through protein shakes or other sources — isn’t necessary.  And the unfortunate irony is, consuming too many protein shakes daily in addition to your usual diet will cause you to gain weight, especially if you don’t burn off calories through exercise.

Also, ask yourself, “Am I going to drink the shakes for the rest of my life?”

The answer, of course, is:  Heck no!

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Eat Your Fiber

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Be sure to eat your fiber! It’s a critical dietary admonition for healthy living.  But what exactly is dietary fiber and why is it good for you?

Dietary fiber — also called ‘roughage’ — are coarse substances in grains, fruits and vegetables that aid in digestion and clean intestines, which, when you really stop and think about it, is not proper dinner-table conversation.  So, if your mother says anything about this while dishing out the veggies, it’s best to go ahead and eat them instead of asking, “Why?”

Healthy fiber also comes from long, narrow plant cells with walls thickened by a substance called “lignin,” which help the plant support itself. Ligneous substances when viewed under a microscope appear to have a woody texture. In other words, they are fibrous.

Some fibers are “soluble” and others are not (insoluble).  Soluble fiber dissolves in water to form a gel-like substance.  These come from oats, legumes (beans, peas, and soybeans), apples, bananas, berries, barley, some vegetables and psyllium (plantain seeds).  Insoluble fiber is in whole-wheat foods, bran, nuts, seeds, and the skin of some fruits and vegetables. Fiber, whether it is soluble or not, is important because it helps keep your intestines clean.

Studies show that high fiber intake can protect you from heart disease by cutting intake of cholesterol, colon cancer, weight gain and Type-2 diabetes by reducing blood sugar and insulin.  Ask your doctor. He or she can further explain this. But it’s best to ask about it in the privacy of his office, and not over lunch.

Anyway, the following is some good advice about consuming more fiber that I found on MedicineNet.com:

  • Increase fiber slowly. First determine how much fiber you are eating daily.  Generally speaking, for men the total should be 38 grams and for women it is 25 grams.  Increasing too quickly can lead to gas, bloating and/or diarrhea.
  • Add fluids.  If you do not have enough fluids (preferably water) with your high-fiber diet, you may end up with the problem that you are trying to avoid: constipation. Get into the habit of drinking a minimum of 2 cups of a calorie-free beverage between each meal.
  • More is not always better, so try not to eat more fiber than your body can comfortably handle.  Pay attention to how your bowel movements are responding to your fiber intake, and ask your physician if you have any questions.
  • You don’t need to get all of your fiber in one meal.  Be creative, and have sources of fiber throughout the day. Add flaxseeds, seeds, or nuts to your salad, soup, cereal, or yogurt.  Keep frozen blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries and add to cereal, dessert, shakes or yogurt.  Have cut-up veggies in small baggies available to take with you for snacks.  Choose cereals with a minimum of 4 grams of fiber in each serving.  Add beans and peas to your meals or snacks.
  • Eat whole-wheat flour instead of the processed stuff.
  • Have veggies with your meals whenever possible. Anything that you add will count. The more variety, the more we eat, so have as many different veggies at one meal as you can.
  • Eat lots of fruit at any time, and remember that the fiber is in the skin and/or seeds.
  • If you tend to get bloated or gassy from raw veggies and/or beans, take Beano with your meal. It will greatly reduce these side effects and make eating much more pleasurable.  But check the ingredients and consult with your doctor to make sure Beano is right for you.
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Red Wine Gets Thumbs Up

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Alcohol of any kind — beer, wine and spirits — is harmful to your health, but again a qualifying notation may be necessary regarding red wine.  A recent study reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine says people with Type 2 diabetes benefited from a daily glass of red vino.

The two-year study was done in Israel on 224 patients with controlled Type 2 diabetes.  The subjects were alcohol abstainers who typically drank water and followed a Mediterranean diet without calorie restrictions.   Each participant agreed to drink either 5 ounces of mineral water, 5 ounces of white wine or 5 ounces of red wine at dinner during the study period.

After two years of participation, the red wine drinkers increased their HDL (“good’) cholesterol by about 10 percent, and generally decreased their ratio of bad cholesterol to good cholesterol. The positive changes did not occur in white-wine the drinkers.

However, both red- and white-wine drinkers lowered their triglycerides and fasting plasma glucose levels compared to the water drinkers.

But it’s very important to note that the wine drinkers consumed only 5 ounces daily.  So, as we’ve noted here previously, be very careful if you drink any kind of wine.  Do not over do it!

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New Year, New You

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Are you one of the many who start the New Year with resolutions about improving your health? If so, congratulate yourself. Wanting to make things better is an excellent start. But it’s the follow up that is too often lacking. Accountability is critical, and that’s where a health and wellness coach can help.

A qualified integrative health coach focuses on you as a whole being. She understands the science and psychology behind successful behavior modification. Through a mutual partnership she works with you to understand your personality as well as your past successes and failures. She helps you to turn good ideas and aspirations into reality.

Wellness Beyond Fifty works closely with you to transform resolutions into solutions— pain free.

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Healthy Eating as You Age

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Did you know that eating healthy can help you live longer and stronger? Good nutrition keeps your muscles, bones and organs in tip top shape. A proper diet can reduce the risks of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes. Also, eating healthy leads to consuming fewer calories and more nutrient rich foods that will keep your weight under control.

Eating healthy and maintaining a healthy diet can sharpen your mind. Nutrients are essential for the brain to function properly and do its job. Those that eat colorful and consume nuts that are packed with omega-3 fatty acids can improve focus and decrease their risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Consuming antioxidant-rich foods enhances memory and mental alertness as you age.

Consuming wholesome meals that are rich in nutrients will give you more energy and help you look better. Looking better will in turn boost your self-esteem. The way you eat and the way you feel are connected, if you eat well you feel good.

With the holidays approaching eating healthy can be challenging. The holidays bring family and friends together to celebrate traditions and spread the love. They also bring many opportunities for socializing, eating and drinking. Holiday eating and the consumption of alcoholic beverages can result in adding an extra pound or two every year. The holidays do not always have to result in weight gain as long as you focus on eating healthy and staying physically active. Here are some tips for healthy holiday eating:

  • Reduce sodium intake
  • Avoid “bad” carbs – white flour, refined sugar and white rice
  • Look for hidden sugar
  • Put five colors on your plate – fruits and veggies rich in color correspond to rich nutrients
  • Eat until you are satisfied
  • Be mindful of beverage consumption ­- Alcohol can induce overeating
  • Make time for exercise – Exercise relieves stress and helps prevent weight gain

Eating healthy is an ongoing commitment and it can be tough when the holidays roll around. Don’t restrict yourself from enjoying your favorite holiday treats just keep in mind how much you are consuming. Enjoy the holidays, incorporate healthy recipes into your holiday meals and make time for physical activity. Give the gift of health to yourself this year.

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